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Abeetha diyaniya
Mar 04, 2013
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wNS; ÈhKshg miqìïjQ tod fldßhdj

fldßhdfõ fcdafika rdc jxYfha iqlafcdaka rcq oeka wmg wuq;af;l= fkdfõ' jir mkaiShla mqrdjg fldßhdfõ mej;s fcdafika wêrdcHfha oykj jeks rcq f,i iqlafcdaka rcq lsre< me,ekafoa 1674 §h' tjlg ody;r yeúßÈ úfha miqjQ lvjiï l=udrhl= jQ iqlafcdaka rcqf.a mshd jQfha yfhkafcdaka.a rcqh' ñfhdka.afidka.a /ðk Tyqf.a wdor”h uj jQjdh' jeka.aäf.dla ukaÈrfha§ 1661 wf.daia;= 15 jeksod Wm; ,o Tyq fcdafika rc mrmqf¾ w;sYh nqoaêu;l= f,io ms<s.efkhs' Tyqf.a md,khg tfrysj ler,s .eiQ lKavdhï u;=jqjo tajd id¾:l f,i uev,Sug rcq iu;a úh' wism;a lKavdhu f,i ixúOdkh jQ uOHu mdx;sl msßi Tyqg tfrysj ke.S isá ;j;a lKavdhuls'


flfia fyda fõjd ish¨ i;=rka uevf.k ;u rdcH md,k lghq;= fudkjg f.k.sh rcqf.a w. ìij jQfha bkaðfhdka.a /ðkhs' bkafjdka" ðheka.a la,Eka" ñfhdka.a" fhka.a" lsï .aúbka" hq fidhqhs iy fidahqis .hqnka hk ;j;a ìijqka .Kkdjlf.a weiqr ysñjQ iqlafcdka rcqf.a rEm ldh fln÷o hkak j¾;udk f,dalhg .eg¿jls'


tfy;a fï rcjrekaf.a rEmldh ms<sn| fiaùï ne,Sï l< mqrdúoHd{hkag w.kd Ñ;‍% iuQyhla fidhd.; yelsúh' ta Ñ;‍% tl, rdclSh Ñ;‍% Ys,amSka úiska ks¾udKh lrk ,o tajdh'


fï Ñ;‍%;a iu.u fy,sorõ jQfha ta id w;S;fha§ fldßhdkq rcf.or fiajh l< Ñ;‍% Ys,amSka ms<sn| wmQre f;dr;=reh'
iqlafcdaka rcqf.a iy fodxhsf.a Ñ;‍% fijQ m¾fhaIlhkg fidhd.; yelsjQfha fcdafika rc mrmqf¾ Ñ;‍% rdYshlau úkdYhg m;aj we;s njh' úúO igka iy iajNdúl wdmod tu úkdYhg fya;= ù we;s njo mejefia' iqlafcdaka rcqf.a Ñ;‍% fidhd .sh fï m¾fhaIlhkag wjidkfha yuqjQfha iqlafcdaka iy fodxhsf.a mq;= jQ miqj rc meñKs fhkafcda f.a iy bkamiq rc meñKs rcjrekaf.a Ñ;‍% lsysmhla muKs'


fcdafika rdc jxYh md,kh f.k.sh wjÈfha§ rcjdi, Ñ;‍% Ys,amSka kï msßila fiajh lr ;sfí' ysjdfjdka f,i ye¢kajqKq fudjqkaf.a rdcldßh jQfha rcjrekaf.a;a Tgqkak ysñ l=udrjrekaf.a;a" ìfidajre iy rc jdif,a Wiia ks, ;, oerEjkaf.a;a Ñ;‍% ks¾udKh lsÍuh' úúO m‍%udK j,ska úúO me;slv j,ska flreK fï Ñ;‍% ks¾udK rc ud,s.h ;=< m‍%o¾Ykh flßKs'
tjl rcud,s.h ;=< Ñ;‍%Ys,amSka fjkqfjkao fjkal< ldurhla ;sìKs' fvdjdisfhda kï jQ fï ldurh ;=< fiajh l< fï Ñ;‍%Ys,amSkag o úúO fYaKs ;sìKs' by< fYaKsj, Ñ;‍%Ys,amSkaf.a olaI;d o l=i,;do by< tajd úh' fudjqka w;ska by< uÜgfï ks¾udKhla flreKq úg rcjdi, u.ska tajd w.h flßKs' Tjqkg lmq iy iy,a j,ska ;s<sK m‍%odkh lsÍïo isÿúh'
fï Ñ;‍% Ys,amSka m;ajQfha pqkañka f,i kï flreKq uOHu mdx;slhka w;ßks'

bme/Ks fldßhdfõ rdclSh Ñ;‍%

Ñrd;a ld,hla mj;skq msKsi ks¾udKh lrk ,o fï rdclSh Ñ;‍% úúO wdC%uK" igka" iajNdúl wdmod wdÈh fya;=fjka úkdYhg m;ajqjo fcdafika rdcjxYfha rcjre y;rfofkl=f.a Ñ;‍% fï jk úg iq/qlsj ;sî yuqù ;sfí' ls‍%'j' 1392-1398 w;r rcl< fgfcda" C%s'j' 1863-1907 w;r rcl< fydfcdka.a" C%s'j' 1724-76 w;r rcl< fhxðfhda yd C%s'j' 1849-63 w;r rcl< fjd,afcdaka.a rcjre tu y;r fokdh'


iqlafcdaka rcqf.a Ñ;‍% yuqfkdjqj;a Tyqf.a iufhys msï ðka .hq kï Ñ;‍%Ys,amshd rcjdi, Ñ;‍%Ys,amshl= f,i m;al< njg ,shejqKq igyka b;sydifha ths'oekg yuqù we;s me/Ksu rdclSh Ñ;‍%h" fÜfcda rcqf.ah' wka ish¿ rcjrekg jvd Ñ;‍% úYd, ixLHdjla fuu rcq fjkqfjka we| ;sfí' úúO bßhõ j,ska ks¾udKh flreK fuu Ñ;‍% úYd, ixLHdj fya;=fjka Tyqf.a Ñ;‍% tlla folla fyda b;sß jkakg we;ehs isf;a'

fÜfcda rcqf.a yuqù we;s tla Ñ;‍%hla b| isák bßhõfjka ks¾udKh lrk ,oaols' yenehs tu Ñ;‍%h 1872 jif¾§ h<s w¢k ,oaols' tys uq,a ks¾udKh lsishï lreKla ksid l,a;nd .; fkdyels jkakg we;s neúka fuh h<s ks¾udKh lrkakg we;' fuu Ñ;‍%h fcfhdkacq ys f.fhkaððfhdka Yd,dfõ wdrlaIs;j ;nd ;sfí'

fuu Ñ;‍%fhys rcq we| isákafka blaIsfhdka.a jEka kï we÷uls' rcq b| isák mqgqj ulrl=f.a fudaia;rhla .;a;ls' fuu ulr fudaia;rh tu hq.fha w;sYh ckm‍%sh fudaia;rhlaj ;sìKs' iqlafcdaka rc iuhg miqj fï fudaia;rfha Ñ;‍% .Kkdjlau ks¾udKh flÍ we;'

iqla fcdaka rcqf.a;a fodxhs f.a;a mq;=jk fhkaðfhda" fcdafika rdcjxYfha úistla jeks rcqh' tlS rdcjxYfha jeäu ld,hla rcl< Tyqf.a rdcH iuh wv ishjilg;a jir folla jeäh' fï md,k ld,h ;=< Tyq iajlSh Ñ;‍%Ys,amSkag ;u rej /q.;a Ñ;‍% úistlla w¢k f,i kshu lf<ah'

bka m<uqjekak wekafoa Tyqf.a jhi wjqreÿ 21 § jk w;r wjidk Ñ;‍%h wekafoa 51 jeks úfha§h'

fuu Ñ;‍% j,ska jeäyßhla úkdYhg m;ajQfha 1950)53 w;r meje;s fldßhdkq hqoaOfha§h'

fuu Ñ;‍%j,§ l=udrhd we| isá we÷fuys f.< fmfofiys fld< meye;s máhla jQ w;r mmqfjys iqÿ meye;s lÛfõkl=f.a rejla ;sìKs' È.= w;a iys; we÷ula jQ fuys jQ úis;=re nj kï jpkfhka lsj fkdyels ;rïh' fiao froafoka ksujk ,o l¿ meye;s f;dmamshla iy uqj ifuka l< È.= mdjyka hqj,lskao Tyqf.a we÷u wx.iïmQ¾K úh' ðkaf– f.a úiska C%s'j' 1714 § muK w¢k ,o Ñ;‍%hls'

ðka f– f.a iqlafcdaka rcq úiska rcjdi, m‍%Odk Ñ;‍% Ys,amshl= f,i m;alrk ,oafoa 1713 §h' th rcqf.a 39 jeks md,k wjqreoao f,i ie,fla' fhdkaðfhda rcqf.a wfkla Ñ;‍%h 1900 j¾Ifha§ h<s msgm;a lrk ,oaols' tys uq,a Ñ;‍%h ms<siaiS úkdY ù ;sfí'
ol=Kq foi n,d bkakd rcqf.a rejla iys; fuu Ñ;‍%fha blaIsfhdkajeka we÷u Tgqkak r;= mdg f.d,shka.a fmdaj wdÈfhka iukaú;h' fï Ñ;‍%h fÜfcda rcqf.a Ñ;‍%hg;a jvd Wiia .Kfha ksuejquls'

j¾I 1861 § w¢k ,o Ñfhd,afcdka.a rcqf.a Ñ;‍%hla fldßhd cd;sl fl!;=ld.drfha ;ekam;a lr ;sfí' Tyq fcdafika rdc jxYfha 26 jeks rcq fukau m‍%:u wêrdchdo fjhs' hs yekaÑf.,a iy hQ Iqla úiska fï Ñ;‍%h ks¾udKh lr ;sfí'
fcdafika wêrdcH iufha§ rcjdif,a Ñ;‍% Ys,amSka fukau Ñ;‍%Ys,amskshkao fiajh lr we;' Tjqkg mejÍ ;snqKq rdcldßh jQfha rdclSh;ajh yd iïnkaOjQ l;=kaf.a rEm Ñ;‍%hg ke.Suh' fodxhs fukau /ðKshkaf.a Ñ;‍% o tl, Ñ;‍%hg ke.S ;sfí' tfy;a tlS Ñ;‍% igyka rdYshlau úkdYhg m;aj ;sfí' yuqù we;s Ñ;‍% w;ßka m‍%isoaOj we;af;a Iska cqla fndka úiska w¢k ,o iqrEmskshlf.a Ñ;‍%hls'

Iska hqla fndka hkq fcdafika ld, mßÉfþoh ;=< w;sYh ckm‍%sh;ajhg m;a Ñ;‍% Ys,amsfhls' wef.a mshdo rc jdif,a Ñ;‍% Ys,amsfhl= f,i fiajh l< w;r wef.a fidhqrdo fiajh lf<a tu wxYfhauh' fï ksidu Iskago Ñ;‍% we£ug yelshdjo wjia:djo ,eìKs'

fï Ñ;‍% fya;=fjka j¾;udk mrmqrgo tod rc mrmqf¾ we÷ï me<÷ï fiau tod rcjrekaf.a yevrejo ksje/qÈju oek.ekSug yelshdj ,eî ;sfí' tu ksid tod isá px.=ó,d fodxhs,d mjd fuod mrmqrg ksje/È f,ig ióm lsÍug fg,skdgH ks¾udKlrejkg yels ù ;sfí'


Ydka; l=udr ú;dk


ඉපැරැණි කොරියාවේ රාජකීය චිත‍්‍ර

 

 
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